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Friday, July 24, 2020 | History

2 edition of Byssinosis: flax and hemp workers found in the catalog.

Byssinosis: flax and hemp workers

Great Britain. Industrial Injuries Advisory Council.

Byssinosis: flax and hemp workers

report in accordance with section 61 of the National insurance (industrial injuries) act 1946 on the question whether there exists a respiratory condition analogous to byssinosis which should be treated as a prescribed disease under the act and under the National insurance (industrial injuries) act (Northern Ireland) 1946 in relation to workers in the flax and hemp industry.

by Great Britain. Industrial Injuries Advisory Council.

  • 235 Want to read
  • 27 Currently reading

Published by H. M. Stationery Off. in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Lungs -- Dust diseases.,
  • Textile workers -- Diseases.

  • Edition Notes

    Series[Great Britain. Parliament. Papers by command], cmnd. 2730
    ContributionsGreat Britain. Industrial Injuries Advisory Council. Industrial Diseases Sub-committee., Great Britain. Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRC775.B9 G7
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiii, 15 p. :
    Number of Pages15
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL6000356M
    LC Control Number66037324
    OCLC/WorldCa18175920

      British Instructional Films presentation. Man holds a bunch of flax out towards the camera. Two men work with large bundles of flax, separating it into smaller bunches. Man lifts large bundles. Byssinosis is a disease of the lungs. It is caused by breathing in cotton dust or dusts from other vegetable fibers such as flax, hemp, or sisal while at work. Causes Breathing in (inhaling) the dust produced by raw cotton can cause byssinosis. It is most common in people who work .

    Recent literature concerned with the incidence of byssinosis in flax workers is reviewed and it has been suggested that the agent in the dust of flax which causes symptoms of byssinosis originates during biological retting of flax but is absent from unretted flax. The results now reported were obtained from a group of women workers, all of them non-smokers, and 17 young male workers. BYSSINOSIS is an occupational respiratory disease of cotton, flax and hemp workers. Its initial symptoms of tightness in the chest, dyspnea and cough shortly after return to work .

    Respiratory disease in hemp workers was recognized and described in Spain more than 20 years ago by the present authors and this paper now reviews in English these previous studies originally published in Spanish, in order to make them available more widely. The cultivation of European hemp (Cannabis sativa) is described as well as the processing of the harvested hemp . byssinosis: Definition Byssinosis is a chronic, asthma-like narrowing of the airways. Also called brown lung disease, byssinosis results from inhaling particles of cotton, flax, hemp, or jute. Description Although inhaling cotton dust was identified as a source of respiratory disease more than years ago, byssinosis has been recognized as.


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Byssinosis: flax and hemp workers by Great Britain. Industrial Injuries Advisory Council. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Byssinosis is most common in textile industry workers. It’s caused by the inhalation of raw flax, hemp, cotton Byssinosis: flax and hemp workers book, and similar materials. Smoking may increase the risk of developing : Carmella Wint.

Byssinosis is a disease of the lungs. It is caused by breathing in cotton dust or dusts from other vegetable fibers such as flax, hemp, or sisal while at work.

Byssinosis was first defined in cotton workers, but in later studies it was also shown in workers who inhaled the dust of hemp, flax, sisal, jute and other fiber plants []. Byssinosis has been studied mostly in cotton workers, but there have also been several studies performed among hemp and jute workers [].

Byssinosis as a nonspecific chronic respiratory disease in textile workers exposed to cotton, flax, jute, hemp and sisal is described. Opinions about aetiopathogenesis are : John Mcpartland.

The object of the present study was to establish the prevalence and severity of respiratory disease among hemp workers, by methods similar to those previously adopted to investigate cotton and flax workers, and having done so to elucidate the pathogenesis of the condition.

In the light of recent work suggesting that the cause of the bronchoconstriction brought about by Cited by: Byssinosis, is an occupational lung disease caused by exposure to cotton dust in inadequately ventilated working environments. Byssinosis commonly occurs in workers who are employed in yarn and fabric manufacture industries.

It is now thought that the cotton dust directly causes the disease and some believe that the causative agents are endotoxins that come from the cell. Byssinosis was firstdefined in cotton workers, but in later studies it was also shown in workers who inhaled the dust of hemp, flax, sisal, jute and other fiber plants[8–10].

Byssinosis has been studied mostly in cotton workers, but there have also been several studies performed among hemp and jute workers [11–18]. Eastern European data. The authors investigated allergy to cotton, hemp, flax, and jute in 41 subjects with byssinosis.

In contrast with immediate skin reactions, which were seldom observed, delayed reactions were nearly always present. The incidence of positive skin tests in byssinosis was similar to that observed in all textile workers.

Chronic Respiratory Disease in Hemp Workers* AREND BOUHUYS, M.D., PH.D., t ANTONIO BARBERO, M.D.,^ RICHARD S. SCHILLING, M.D., ,§ and KAREL P. VAN DE WOESTIJNE,M.D.,# WITH THE TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE OF S. Y, G. M. TOREN and J. VAN WAYENBURG** New Haven, Connecticut Respiratory symptoms.

Valić F, Zuskin E, Walford J, Kersić W, Pauković R. Byssinosis, chronic bronchitis, and ventilatory capacities in workers exposed to soft hemp dust. Br J Ind Med. Jul; 25 (3)– [PMC free article] Smith GF, Coles GV, Schilling RS, Walford J. A study of rope workers exposed to hemp and flax.

Br J Ind Med. Apr; 26 (2)– An investigation into chronic respiratory disease in jute and flax industries. Br J Ind Med. Oct; – [PMC free article] [Google Scholar] Popa V, Gavrilescu N, Preda N, Teculescu D, Plecias M, Cîrstea M. An investigation of allergy in byssinosis: sensitization to cotton, hemp, flax and jute antigens.

Byssinosis, also called brown lung, orbrown lung disease, respiratory disorder caused by inhalation of an endotoxin produced by bacteria in the fibres of osis is common among textile workers, who often inhale significant amounts of cotton dust.

Cotton dust may stimulate inflammation that damages the normal structure of the lung and causes the release. A study of rope workers exposed to hemp and flax. Respiratory symptoms and ventilatory capacities were studied in 54 men and 22 women exposed to the mixed dusts of hemp and flax in an English rope factory.

The preparers and most of the spinners were exposed on average to concentrations of 17 mg./m. 3 total dust and 05 mg./m. 3 fine dust. TABLE VII[mdash][mdash]PREVALENCE OF BYSSINOSIS IN WORKERS WITH FLAX AND MIXTURES OF FLAX AND HEMP IN FRANCE (WERNEE ) J. Nelson (personal communication), in a detailed study of women and 27 men at risk in a rope works using mostly hemp, found that 32% of the women and 26% of the men had symptoms of byssinosis.

None of hemp work- ers reacted to the buffer solution. Among 27 hemp workers with positive skin tests, 18 (%) had byssinosis whereas among the 15 hemp workers with negative skin tests only 5 (%) had byssinosis (P workers with byssinosis were employed in hemp mill for years.

This paper opens with a review of studies showing that the fibres of flax and soft hemp used in rope making may give rise to the development in the workers of a disease indistinguishable from byssinosis.

Severe disabling byssinosis has been reported among workers in Spain and Yugoslavia who were using soft hemp [Abstr. Hyg.,v. 43, abstr. ;v. 44, abstr. Byssinosis Definition Byssinosis is a disease of the lungs. It is caused by breathing in cotton dust or dusts from other vegetable fibers such as flax, hemp, or sisal while at work.

Alternative Names Cotton worker's lung; Cotton bract disease. Byssinosis & Other Textile Dust. related Lung diseases. By: Firoozeh M,M.D History Work in textile industry, as an occupational hazard from years ago. Peculiar form of asthma among card Flax & hemp workers (Ramazzini 18th century). Cotton dust standards & medical surveillance in the in United states.

Increasing prevalence rates in the developing countries. National Insurance (Industrial Injuries) Act Byssinosis. Flax and Hemp Workers. Report by the Industrial Injuries Advisory Council [PLANT, A., Chairman], in accordance with Section 61 of the National Insurance (Industrial Injuries) Act on the Question whether there exists a Respiratory Condition analogous to Byssinosis which should be treated as a Prescribed.

The chronic and disabling respiratory disease of hemp workers cannot be explained by smoking habits and is attributed to heavy and prolonged exposure to hemp dust. Apparently byssinosis, a disease caused by exposure to hemp and other textile (cotton, flax) dusts, progresses from acute, short-lasting effects of dust exposure (Monday dyspnea) to.

A study of byssinosis and other respiratory symptoms in 2, flax workers aged 35 years and over in Northern Ireland is reported. This represented 825% of the total available population. Only 3% of workers were not seen because of absence or a refusal to co-operate.The disease now called byssinosis, from the Greek word [bgr]6crcroc; meaning linen or fine flax, has been described in cotton, flax, and hemp workers.

In its early stages it is characterised by a history of chest tightness and breathlessness on Mondays or un the first day at work .In a more recent study of soft hemp workers in Spain, it has been shown quite clearly that cannabosis is identical to the disease byssinosis which occurs in cotton and flax workers.

Bouhuys, Barbero Carnicero, Lindell, Roach, and Schilling, ().